The jubilee observance began on the Day of Atonement with a trumpet blast. We must then understand when the Day of Atonement was observed. We turn to Leviticus 23 (NIV).
"The Festival of Trumpets
23 The Lord said to Moses, 24 “Say to the Israelites: ‘On the first day of the seventh month you are to have a day of sabbath rest, a sacred assembly commemorated with trumpet blasts. 25 Do no regular work, but present a food offering to the Lord.’”
The Day of Atonement
26 The Lord said to Moses, 27 “The tenth day of this seventh month is the Day of Atonement. Hold a sacred assembly and deny yourselves, and present a food offering to the Lord. 28 Do not do any work on that day, because it is the Day of Atonement, when atonement is made for you before the Lord your God. 29 Those who do not deny themselves on that day must be cut off from their people. 30 I will destroy from among their people anyone who does any work on that day. 31 You shall do no work at all. This is to be a lasting ordinance for the generations to come, wherever you live. 32 It is a day of sabbath rest for you, and you must deny yourselves. From the evening of the ninth day of the month until the following evening you are to observe your sabbath.”
During a normal year, a trumpet blast did not accompany the Day of Atonement observance. Only during a jubilee observance did this occur. The Jews referred to the 10 days from the Festival of Trumpets through the Day of Atonement as the "10 days of awe". During a jubilee observance, it would seem that the Trumpets observance was extended through the days of awe, and concluded on what was usually the Atonement observance. In other words, the Atonement observance was temporarily suspended until the end of the jubilee. In fact, all temple activities and sacrifices were suspended during the jubilee year. By the end of the jubilee, all slaves had been freed, all property returned to the original owner, and the normal cycle of annual festivals resumed. Atonement was observed, then Tabernacles, and so on.
To review, Daniel states that "from the time that the daily sacrifice is abolished and the abomination that causes desolation is set up, there will be 1,290 days." This time of stopping of sacrifices may refer to the Final Jubilee. Historically, the Second Temple was destroyed in 70 A.D. Could Daniel's statement have another meaning? If the fall of 70 A.D. to the fall of 71 A.D. were a jubilee year, then the stopping of the daily sacrifice due to the destruction of the Temple would anchor in time the jubilee cycle. The previous jubilee would have been 20 - 21 A.D., and Jesus' entire ministry would have fallen within the jubilee cycle from 20 - 70 A.D.
During the jubilee observance, all property returned to the original owner. Psalm 24 states "the earth is the Lord’s,and everything in it, the world, and all who live in it". In the book of Ruth, Boaz (the kinsman redeemer) is a picture of Christ, Naomi is a picture of Israel, and Ruth is a picture of the Church. In Revelation 5, only the Lamb is worthy to open the scroll. The scroll is in fact the title deed to the entire Earth. Jesus takes back what has been stolen by the usurper. This implies that the Great Tribulation (Daniel's 70th week) is the Final Jubilee, as it was during the jubilee observance that property returned to its rightful owner.
Daniel could not see the Church age, or Age of Grace. It was hidden from his view. In Romans 12, Paul urges all believers to "offer your bodies as a living sacrifice, holy and pleasing to God—this is your true and proper worship." After Jesus rose from the dead and ascended to heaven, the Holy Spirit indwelt the believers at Pentecost. The physical Temple was then destroyed in 70 A.D.. The Church then became the living Temple. The Church became "living sacrifices". This is yet another aspect of Daniel's prophecy. The question then becomes, when could the Final Jubilee coincide with the cessation of "living sacrifice(s)"?
We will address this further next time.